Road Safety 

Written by  Tuesday, 16 August 2011 10:31
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Motorists

  • Always drive on the right.
  • Speed should be adjusted according to the road conditions.
  • Drive at a safe speed and always observe the speed limit.
  • Always wear your seat belt and ensure that your passengers do the same.
  • Do NOT drink and drive.
  • Follow other vehicles at a safe distance.
  • Do not use a mobile phone while driving.
  • Overtake with care.
  • Do not tailgate.
  • Before you drive a vehicle ensure that:
    • The vehicle is properly licensed,
    • It has a valid insurance policy,
    • You have the valid and appropriate licence to drive the vehicle.
  • High-risk driving 

    Some high-risk driving behaviours seem harmless, but they increase our chances of being in a crash. Every day there are many situations where you need to yield to another vehicle, pedestrian or cyclist, so slow down and think about it.
    Failing to yield
    Yielding right-of-way helps everyone safely share the road. It's about watching for other road users and making safe decisions about when to let others go first.
    • Look for and expect to see pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists, and be prepared to stop and yield the right-of-way to them.
    • Don't count on others to obey the rules of the road—or to make allowances for you.
    • It may not always be easy to decide who has the right-of-way at intersections. Signs and traffic signals often help determine who needs to yield to whom.
    Ignoring traffic - control devices
    It can seem tempting to roll through a stop sign or other traffic control device. But doing so puts you and other road users at risk.
    • When you're approaching a light that's been green for a while, prepare yourself to stop if the light changes.
    • Remember that yellow lights mean you must stop unless it's unsafe to do so.
    • Be sure to come to a complete stop at stop signs and red lights, even when turning right.
    Following to closely 
    Tailgating not only leaves you less room to stop in an emergency, it increases your risk of being rear-ended by another vehicle.
     
    • Always leave a safe following distance to give yourself more time to react to the unexpected.
    • You need a following distance of at least two seconds in good weather and road conditions.
    • Allow at least three seconds when you're behind a large vehicle that could block your vision or a motorcycle that could stop very quickly.
    Speeding
    Speeding reduces your reaction time, and the faster you go, the longer it takes to stop.
     
    • Speed is one of the most frequently cited contributing factors in police-reported crashes. You need time to see and react before your brakes take effect and slow you down.
    • Slowing down and being more realistic about travel times can reduce your risk of getting in a crash. Give yourself extra time to get to your destination so you don't feel the need to rush.
    • The speed limit is for optimal conditions only. The speed you're going should be relative to the road and weather conditions.
     
    Improper passing
    Passing can be dangerous, especially when your line of sight is obscured.
    • If you're planning to pass, make sure you can do it safely and legally. Keep within the speed limit and communicate clearly by using your signals.
    • Avoid passing on the right and ensure you can see the vehicle you've passed in your mirrors before pulling back in front of it.
    • Pass only if there is no oncoming traffic.
    • Before you pass a vehicle, be sure to signal, mirror check and shoulder check.
    • When you pass or change lanes in front of a truck, make sure to leave extra room before pulling back in.
    • Always stop and yield to school buses, watch for children, and drive very slowly around parked school buses
    PEDESTRIANS
     
    • Always cross the road at designated pedestrian or zebra crossings.
    • Always use footpaths where they are available.
    • Do not cross at bends in the road where you cannot see the danger of oncoming vehicles.
    • If you are walking in a group, walk in single file facing oncoming traffic.
    • When crossing the road, be attentive and on the lookout for oncoming vehicles.
    Last modified on Thursday, 05 March 2015 15:13
    Seyfu Mekonen

    Seyfu Mekonen is a founder and administrator of ethiosafety.com. As a founder and administrator he is responsible for free and up to date safety and security informations. He can be reached: seyfu2002@yahoo.com

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