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Written by  Friday, 06 March 2015 17:04
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ለሰው ልጅ በጣም አስፈላጊ ስለሆነው ‹‹safety›› ጥቂት ለመግለፅ እንሞክር፡፡ በእንግሊዝኛው አጠራር ‹‹safety›› የሚለው ቃል ብዙ የተለያዩ የአማርኛ ትርጉሞች ሊኖሩት ቢችልም በዚህ ፅሁፍ ውስጥ ‹‹ደህንነት›› የሚለው ፍች ትርጉም ቃል ተመርጦለታል፡፡
 
ደህንነት የሚለውን ቃል ለመረዳት እንዲያስችለን ከግለሰብ እስከ ማህበረሰብ ድረስ ሊኖረው የሚገባውን ይዘት እንደመግቢያ ለመዘርዘር ተሞክሯል፡፡ 
Image result for stop think act safely                    Image result for stop think act safely
 
1-ደህንነት ማለት ምን ማለት ነው? 
 
ደህንነት (safety) ማለት ስራችንን ወይም ኃላፊነታችንን በሚገባ ቀድሞ መረዳት ነው፡፡የምናከናውነውን እያንዳንዷን ተግባር በሚገባ መረዳት ማለት ነው፡፡
 
እንዲሁም ባለመጠንቀቃችን በራሳችንም ሆነ በሌሎችና በምንሰራበት ድርጅት ላይ ሊከሰቱ የሚችሉ ጉዳቶችን በቅድሚያ ጠንቅቆ መረዳት ነው፡፡  
 
2- ደህንነት (safety) በሚለው ቃል ውስጥ የሚካተቱ ትርጉሞች  
ሀ- የግለሰብ ደህንነት ፡- ደህንነቱ የተጠበቀ ሰው ወይም ደህንነትን የጠበቀ ሰው ሊኖሩትና ሊፈፅማቸው የሚገቡ ተግባራት የሚከተሉትን ያካትታል፡፡ 
  • አስፈላጊ ጥንቃቄዎትንና እንክብካቤዎችን ለራሱ፣ ለቤተሰቤና ለማህበረሰቡ እና ለሚሰራበት ድርጅት ለማድረግ የተዘጋጀ 
  • በትምህርትና ስልጠና እራሱን ያዘጋጀ
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  • በስራ ሂደት ሊያጋጥሙ ከሚችሉ አደጋዎች እራሱን ለማጠበቅ የተዘጋጀ 
  • በችኮላ፣ በግዴለሽነት እና ከስሜታዊነት ሊከሰቱ ከሚችሉ አደጋዎች የተጠበቀ 
  • በእርግጠኝነትና በመተማመን ስራውን ከአደጋ ነፃ አድርጐ የሚከውን 
  • ህይቱን በጥንቃቄና በፕሮግራም የሚመራ 
  • ለስራው  አስፈላረ የሆኑ መሳሪያዎች ወይም ዕቃዎችን በጥንቃቄ የሚመረምር፣ አለመበላሸታቸውን የሚያረጋገጥ እና የተበላሹ ወይም አስተማማኝ ያልሆኑ መሳሪያዎችን (ዕቃዎችን)የማይጠቀም  
  • ደህነቱ የተጠበቀ የስራ አካባቢን መፍጠር የሚችል 
  • ከስራው ጋር ተያያዥነት ያላቸውን ከአደጋ መከላከያ ደንቦችን ሁሌም በስራ ላይ ሲገኝ በማስታወስ የሚተገብር 
ለ- የቤተሰብ ደህንነት 
-ደህንነቱ የተጠበቀ ቤተሰብ  
-አስፈላጊውን ሁሉ እንክብካቤና ጥበቃ ከቤተሰቡ አስተዳዳሪዎች የተሟላለት  
-እያንዳንዱ የቤተሰብ አባል የየራሱን ኃላፊነት የሚወጣበት 
-የህፃናት ልጆችን ከአደጋና ከጉዳት የተጠበቁ እንዲሆኑ ያስቻለ ወይም ያደረገ 
ሐ- የማህበረሰብ ደህንነት 
የማህበረሰብ ደህንነትን ለመጠበቅ  
-ዜጐች ለራሳቸው ለቤተሰባቸውና ለማህበረሰቡ ደህንነትና ጥንቃቄ ያላቸው አመለካከት የዳበረ መሆን ይገባዋል 
-በማህበረሰቡ ላይ ጉዳት ሊያደርሱ ከሚችሉ ድርጊቶች እራሳቸውን የጠበቁ ዜጐች የሞሉበት ሲሆን 
-የተለያዩ  አደጋዎች እንዳይከሰቱ (ለምሳሌ የእሳትኃላፊነት የሚሰማቸው ዜጐች መፍጠር ሲቻል 
-ከተላላፊ በሽታዎች እራሳቸውንና ማህበረሰባቸውን የሚጠብቁ ዜጐች መፍጠር ሲቻል (ለምሳሌ ኤች አይቪ ኤድስ) 
መ- የስራ ደህንነት Image result for stop think act safely
 የስራ ደህንነት 
ደህንነቱ የተጠበቀ ድርጅት (መስሪያ ቤት) 
-መሰረታዊ የስራ መርሆዎች የተሟሉበት 
-ኃላፊነት የሚሰማቸው ሰዎች የተሰባሰቡበት እና በጋራ የሚሰሩበት 
-ከአደጋ መከላከያ ደንቦችና መርሆችን ያዘጋጀ  
-ለስራው አስፈላጊ የሆኑ ዕቃዎችን ወይም መሳሪያዎችን በጥንቃቄ ተመርጠው የተሟሉበት  
-በትምህርትና ልጠና ብቃት ያላቸው ራተኞ የሚገኙበት (የተሟሉበት) 
-ከአደጋ መከላከያ መሳሪያዎችን ያሟላ 
ሠ- ደህንነቱ የተጠበቀ ኃላፊነት  
-አሳማኝና ተገቢ የሆነ ውሳኔ መወሰን መቻል 
-መሠረታዊ የስራ መርሆዎችን የሚተገብር 
-ውሳኔዎችን በአጋጣሚና በችኮላ የማይሰጥ 
-በንቃት የየዕለት ተግባሩን የሚያከናውን 
-አዳዲስ ጉዳዮች ወይም ሁኔታዎች ቢከሰቱ (ቢያጋጥሙሊወጣበት የሚችልባቸውን ዘዴዎችና መፍሔዎች ቀድሞ ማሰብና ማዘጋጀት የሚችል 
ረ- ደህንነቱ የተጠበቀ ቦታ 
አስፈላጊ የሆኑ ቁሳቁሶችና ሪያዎች የተሟሉበት ቦታ በውስጡ ያሉ ሰዎችን ከአደጋና ከጉዳት የተጠበቁ እንዲሆኑ ማድረግ የቻለ፡፡ 
ሰ- ደህንነቱ የተጠበቀ ሪያ (ዕቃወይም ደህንነት መጠበቂያ ወይም ጉዳት መከላከያ መሳሪያ  
-ብቃት ያላቸውና ብልሽት የሌለባቸው ሪያዎች 
-አደጋና ጉዳትን ለመከላከል ተብለው የሚ ዕቃዎች (ሪያዎችን) 
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Last modified on Friday, 17 April 2015 06:41
Seyfu Mekonen

Seyfu Mekonen is a founder and administrator of ethiosafety.com. As a founder and administrator he is responsible for free and up to date safety and security informations. He can be reached: seyfu2002@yahoo.com

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